What is a Discount Broker?

Today is the boom time for discount brokers. Many new entities are entering this domain and existing enterprises are coming up with their discount broking arms. A discount broker is a stockbroker who performs quintessential trading activities at reduced rates. They provide a basic trading interface to clients and offer them to open Demat & Trading Account to trade in the share market. Most of them are online-based.

Understanding Discount Brokers

The evolution of technology has revolutionized the way trading is conducted. Penetration of the internet has given a major impetus to discount brokers, most of whom operate through online platforms. More and more discount online brokers have come into the foray that enables individuals with smaller capital to trade at lower fees. One of the main reasons why discount brokers can afford to operate at lower fees is because they don’t target working with high-net-worth individuals (HNWI). Their affordability lies in their online business activities, which translates to lower overhead costs. Furthermore, they don’t offer services like customized research and planning, personal consultations, or tax planning to their customers. Online brokerage is almost synonymous with a discount brokerage. They are attracting young and tech-savvy individuals, who form the new generation of traders.

Whom to choose between Full-Service and Discount Brokers?

Let’s consider a situation wherein you have money at your disposal for the stock market, but you aren’t sure which stocks to invest in. You are toying with the idea of seeking help but then again you know that it may incur additional advisory costs. So, what is to be done in such a scenario? Should one go for full-service or a discount broker?
This is a never-ending conundrum, especially among people who are new to the markets. To make this simpler, let’s take a closer look at the two and decide which one to go for.

Full-Service Broker Discount Broker
Meaning They are traditional brokers offering a wide gamut of services to their customers like investment advisory, wealth and portfolio management, and customized research. They offer Demat & Trading accounts online and have a minimal physical presence. They provide a basic trading interface to trade and manage by the investor him/herself
Differences
  1. Have physical branches and provide online and offline services.
  2. The transaction cost charged is higher. Generally, a turnover-based brokerage is charged
  1. Do not have many physical branches and thus do not offer many offline services.
  2. Discount brokerages charge lower transaction costs. A flat brokerage model irrespective of turnover is applied.

Now that we’ve understood the meaning and seen the differences between the two, you must have realized that as an investor, it’s up to your preference and your available capital that you should make a choice. If you have substantial capital to invest and are there in the market for the long-term, you will surely go for full-service brokers. Whereas, if you possess a small amount of capital and do not wish the commission to diminish your returns, you will go for discount brokers. To conclude, we could say that the choice is driven entirely by your needs and preferences.

Pros of Discount Brokers

With the advent of technology, discount brokers have gained quick popularity in the investor community. Undoubtedly, they come with benefits that have led to their success. Here are some of them.

  1. Lower commission charge – This is one of their most distinct advantages. They charge low commission rates for their services. A flat fee model is offered by them where per order brokerage is charged irrespective of turnover.
  2. Fully digital service – They provide full digital service from account opening to placing orders, fetching reports, etc. Since they are online-based, they tend to utilize technology that is much more advanced and user-friendly.
  3. Learning materials & guides- Discount brokers, being popular among young and tech-savvy investors, make more effort to educate investors on the basics of trading and investing through videos & webinars

Cons of Discount Brokers

  1. Most discount brokers are online-based, therefore someone who prefers to trade in branch and discuss the investments with a Relationship manager might not find the model of discount broking attractive
  2. Customer service is minimum – As they offer services online, they don’t provide any relationship managers.
  3. Portfolio services aren’t provided by discount brokers either. It might be available through additional subscriptions.

Conclusion

The global pandemic has played a role in discount brokers gaining an upper hand over its counterpart, full-service brokers. Both have their pros and cons. However, current trends show that tech-savvy traders prefer discount brokers over full-service brokers. If you are still in a dilemma, we would suggest you review your investment capital and how much knowledge you have of the financial markets. If you wish to do high-volume trading and have the required knowledge, it would be better if you went for a discount broker as this will help you in saving in the long run. Happy Trading!

Discount Brokers FAQs

Discount Brokers provide brokerages that give investors a platform to place buy and sell orders at flat brokerage rates irrespective of the turnover. They operate online and provide basic services.

  1. Discount Brokers do not have physical branches and operate online.
  2. Discount Brokers don’t provide Relationship Managers. Hence if you don’t have time to check or rebalance your portfolio, you might seek a full-service broker which offers that.

Just like the Full-Service brokers, Discount Brokers can be relied upon. An investor’s money is safe with them for the simple reason that the brokerage industry is a highly regulated one. Discount Brokers comparatively charge a lower fee than Full-Service brokers.

  1. Discount Brokers only provide basic Demat and trading services whereas Full-Service Brokers provide trading services along with advisory, research, portfolio management, etc.
  2. Discount Brokers only provide online services with limited client interaction. Full-Service brokers provide face-to-face client interaction through Relationship Managers.

There’s something known as the Investor Protection Fund set up by exchange to compensate investors in the event of defaulters' assets not being sufficient to meet the admitted claims of investors, which provides investors with compensation at such times. To be eligible for the compensation, you have to file the claim within three years.

Every broker has a respective flat brokerage plan. The flat brokerage varies across segments – Delivery, Intraday & F&O. For example, BFSL – Bajaj Privilege Club charges Rs.5 per order in all segments

You just have to contact a Depository Participant in such a case. However, to participate in stock market transactions, you need to open a trading account with the assistance of some SEBI & Exchange registered stockbroker. You will find many brokers offering services at minimum brokerage charges.

The stock market has stocks of several companies with varying share prices. Several PSU companies listed on the stock exchange have lower prices that new investors can explore. These stocks also pay dividends. Small capital need not be a roadblock for any investor.

Your concerned brokerage firm can close your brokerage account only if you request them to close the account and complete the required account closure procedure. In other cases, if your account stays dormant, that is, there is no activity in your Demat & trading account, the account will become inactive and non-operational.

A broker charges a brokerage fee for executing trade orders and for providing other broking services. The fees can be a percentage of the transaction or a flat fee per order or, a hybrid of the two. It usually varies from broker to broker.

Full-service brokers tend to charge 0.02- 0.5% of the transaction value. This may vary across segments. Discount brokers’ charges vary from Re1 to Rs20 per order, which can vary across segments.

The brokerage fee is charged by the broker every time an order gets executed on the trading platform. This brokerage is accompanied by other government charges & taxes. Therefore, a new investor might get perplexed by the charges levied on orders. Note that along with brokerage, all brokers will levy statutory charges like STT, Turnover Fee, SEBI Charges, Stamp Duty & GST on every order. Still, as compared to full-service brokers, the discount brokers charge a comparatively lower brokerage fee.

It’s a fee or a commission charged by a broker to execute orders on the trading platform and for offering services to their clients. The Brokerages are generally charged as a percentage of the transaction amount by full-service brokers. Whereas it is a flat fee per order by discount brokers.

All brokers will charge a brokerage fee for executing buy and sell orders on their trading platform.

A broker allows you to invest in shares, mutual funds , bonds, etc. whereas a bank offers you the opportunity to save money through fixed deposits, Recurring deposits, etc. Both offer different financial instruments to invest in. It is a good idea to diversify your investments and spread your capital over different instruments.